Sharp kitchen knives are essential tools for any home cook, but maintaining their sharpness can be a challenge. One of the best ways to sharpen a kitchen knife is with a sharpening stone, also known as a whetstone. In this article, we will discuss the steps to sharpen your kitchen knives with a stone.
Step 1: Choose the Right Stone
The first step to sharpening your kitchen knives with a stone is to choose the right stone. There are two types of stones: oil stones and water stones. Oil stones require oil to lubricate the surface, while water stones require water. Water stones are preferred by most chefs because they are easier to use and provide a better edge.
Step 2: Prepare the Stone
Before using the stone, you need to prepare it. If you are using a water stone, soak it in water for about 10 minutes. If you are using an oil stone, apply a few drops of oil to the surface and spread it evenly. Make sure to read the instructions that come with the stone to ensure you are preparing it correctly.
Step 3: Sharpen the Knife
Hold the knife at a 20-degree angle to the stone. Start at the base of the blade and draw the knife along the stone towards the tip, keeping the angle constant. Repeat this process on the other side of the blade. Continue sharpening the knife by alternating sides until you have a sharp edge.
Step 4: Hone the Knife
After sharpening the knife, use a honing steel to refine the edge. Hold the honing steel vertically and lightly draw the knife down the steel at a 20-degree angle. Repeat this process on the other side of the blade.
Step 5: Test the Sharpness
Test the sharpness of the knife by cutting a tomato or a piece of paper. If the knife cuts through the tomato or paper easily and cleanly, it is sharp.
Sharpening your kitchen knives with a stone may take some practice, but it is a skill that every home cook should learn. By following these simple steps, you can maintain the sharpness of your kitchen knives and make your cooking experience safer and more enjoyable.